According to the British Public Health Agency, the incidence of smallpox in the UK has risen by almost 40 per cent in five days. As of June 16, 574 cases were registered, and as of June 20, their number reached 793.
Spain, Germany and Portugal are the most registered countries after the United Kingdom. And this is a growing threat outside Europe: more than 3,200 cases have been confirmed in 48 countries in the last six weeks, according to the WHO, which publishes data on monkey disease on a weekly basis. As of June 15, one person had died.
The World Health Organization’s emergency committee on international health rules will meet on Thursday to mobilize new funding and mobilize governments to decide whether or not to mark the monkey epidemic as a “public health emergency of international concern.” The coronavirus novel that produced Covid-19 was renamed PHEIC after a similar meeting in January 2020.
Experts say the U.S. response to monkeys’ smallpox reflects the early flaws of the coronavirus
In many European countries, the emphasis has already been on addressing vulnerable communities, seeking connections, and isolating known cases of smallpox. This could change if the virus increases the risk of a WHO epidemic in May, when the virus is sounding the alarm about monkey smallpox infection in non-endemic countries.
“The Emergency Committee, then [WHO] The CEO’s announcement raises the political level, ”David Heymann, a professor of infectious epidemiology at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, told The Washington Post.
The United States is expanding testing for smallpox in commercial laboratories
Monkey pox is transmitted through close contact and primarily affects men who have had sexual intercourse with men. It starts with flu-like symptoms before fluid-filled blisters or sores appear on the skin, which can leave permanent scars. Health officials say the latest epidemic has often caused rashes on the genitals, which are often mild and can be fatal for pregnant women or people with weakened immune systems, even if patients recover within three weeks.
Experts say a broader understanding of the epidemic’s origins, as well as the need to vaccinate at-risk groups and look for contacts, are needed to cover the epidemic, but they may be reluctant to disclose information about who some patients are close to. public health response.
Paul Hunter, a professor of medicine at the University of East Anglia, said: “One of the challenges people have in exercising control is getting a complete list of people having sex.” “This is exactly the problem we faced when we were initially fighting HIV / AIDS [1990s]. ”
It is also unknown whether cases have been reported in some countries, as in the early days of the coronavirus outbreak. Some experts speculate that the UK may have a larger number because its public health surveillance network allows it to detect more infections.
The World Health Organization’s director general, Tedros Adhanom Gebraius, said at the start of Thursday’s meeting that the monkey disease was more prevalent than official figures. “Human-to-human transmission continues and may go unnoticed,” he told emergency committee members.
The United Kingdom has actively monitored people with smallpox and, in some cases, distributed smallpox vaccines to their relatives and at-risk groups to protect them from smallpox. Theoretically, this method – which Hunter described as “ring vaccination” – “works,” he said.
But with the outbreak of the infection and the authorities trying to “find out early on the connections of cases that could have an impact”, Hunter said he had “lost confidence”.
“I think we need to think about what happens next if we don’t turn the corner quickly,” he added.
Biden: The United States is researching vaccines against monkeys; “everyone” should be concerned
British health officials said on Tuesday that some gay and bisexual men who are considered at high risk of contracting the disease will be offered vaccines to help curb the spread of monkey disease. The UK’s health agency has warned that although the virus poses a greater threat to “gays, bisexuals and other men who have sex with men”, anyone can be infected through close contact with an infected person.
Scientists are studying this epidemic and will know more after the virus sequence. “We are beginning to understand how widespread it is [monkeypox] really so, “Heymann said.” We need to know that it’s widespread in certain populations and that it’s spreading in other populations as well. “
What is smallpox, a rare virus that is now confirmed in the United States and Europe?
Two years after treating Germany’s first coronavirus patient, Clemens Wendtner treated Germany’s first monkey smallpox in May. According to Wendtner, chief infectious disease specialist at the Schwabing Clinic in Munich, he was a sex worker from Brazil.
Wendtner said several more monkey smallpox patients have been treated in his ward in recent weeks. Some have reported damage to the “extremely painful” rectum, which is given painkillers to relieve discomfort. Wendtner and his colleagues carefully recorded their findings during the epidemic and documented the recent discovery of monkey smallpox DNA in semen and blood.
Most patients recovered after one day and were offered 21 days of isolation at home under German Infectious Diseases Act. Berlin, one of Europe’s hotspots for Pride events next month, has seen a spate of incidents.
“The summer season is yesterday,” he warned, adding that there could be more cases next week and that the current epidemic may not yet be at its peak.
While men are at greater risk, Wendtner warned that female sex workers can also be at risk. “The risk factor is a pattern of unprotected sex,” he explained.
The WHO changed its name after monkeys were described by scientists as “discriminatory.”
Apart from Europe, other countries are also facing new challenges.
The first case of monkey disease in the United States was identified on May 17. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 100 cases have been reported in the past five weeks. California, New York and Illinois are among the states with the highest rates of infection.
Some experts in the United States are urging the White House to conduct rigorous testing to prevent the coronavirus pandemic from failing.
Singapore on Tuesday confirmed the first case of smallpox in a British man in Southeast Asia. On Wednesday, South Korea also confirmed the first case of monkey disease. According to health officials, the patient is a South Korean citizen who entered the country from Germany. The first case of the monkey disease was also reported in South Africa on Thursday, Reuters reported. According to health experts, the 30-year-old has no travel history, so his illness has not been reported outside of South Africa.
According to experts, it should be borne in mind that this is not a new disease. Smallpox has been rampant in Africa for decades, which has set a double standard in responding to the epidemic in Europe.
“It’s a disease that has gone unnoticed,” Haymann said. After smallpox was eradicated in 1980, smallpox vaccines were discontinued on a daily basis. He added that smallpox was more prevalent in West and Central Africa than in smallpox, but that the epidemics there had not been thoroughly studied due to a lack of resources.
When monkeys are in turmoil, doctors in Africa see a double standard
The World Health Organization (WHO) said on Thursday that there had been about 1,500 suspected cases of monkey disease and about 70 deaths in Central Africa this year. “In these cases, the epidemiology and viral class may be different, but this should not be overlooked,” he warned.