Two cases of nosebleeds have been reported in India, with one dead – The New Indian Express

Express news service

NEW DELHI (Reuters) – India says it has killed two people, including a 55-year-old woman, with a nosebleed that killed her, and at least 18 people have died in Iraq.

However, nosebleeds or Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV), which caused about 5 to 2 deaths, did not lead to an epidemic because India was fully equipped to deal with the virus. According to leading researchers from the Medical Research Council of India – the National Institute of Virology (ICMR-NIV), this leads to an epidemic, which is a laboratory that diagnoses CCHF.

Both incidents were recorded in March and April in Bhavnagar, Gujarat, the scientist and Dr. Pragya Yadav, a scientist and head of the NIV, Maximum Detention Laboratory in Pune, told the newspaper.

A 55-year-old woman died in April from a viral infection that rapidly and rapidly flowed through the nose, including internal and external blood, to infected patients.

The housewife, who used to keep livestock at home and was later diagnosed with a tick bite, became infected. Later, samples taken from his home showed that the animals were also infected, Yadav said.

The first case in India was recorded in March in a 39-year-old builder who survived. He raised livestock in his home.

“Two cases were quickly identified thanks to India’s rapid and active surveillance system,” said Yadav, who was recently awarded for his work on the development of the Kovid-19 vaccine, Kovaxin. “The viral disease has been controlled, limited and there is no need to panic.”

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the virus is primarily transmitted to humans by ticks and animals. Human-to-human transmission may be closely related to the blood, secretions, organs, or other body fluids of infected people.

Endemic to all of Africa, the Balkans, the Middle East and Asia. Viral disease is difficult to prevent and treat.

According to Dr. Priya Abraham, Director of ICMR-NIV, India is ready to fight any CCHF epidemic. “We have conducted extensive research and monitoring to understand the burden of the disease and the dynamics of infection,” he said.

Since India has reported cases of CCHF since 2011, mainly in Gujarat and Rajasthan, testing and control of viral hemorrhagic fever is a routine activity.

A total of 128 cases and 54 deaths from Gujarat and Rajasthan have been reported in the country since 2011, Yadav said, being one of the first research teams to help isolate the disease early and find and maintain contact. The first epidemic was in 2011.

The last serious epidemic was recorded in 2019, when the highest number of viral infections was in Gujarat and Rajasthan, where 50 percent of deaths occurred.

Control at the airport is very high, given the unprecedented spread of the virus in Iraq since January. It was this vigilance that helped the Indian authorities monitor two cases imported – in 2016 (from Oman to Gujarat) and the other in 2018 – when an infected person returned to Kerala from Dubai, Yadav said.

The institute conducts CCHF laboratory screenings of humans, animals and mites.

The presence of BSL-4 facilities has helped to “quickly diagnose suspicious cases” across the country.

The institute has local technology to help diagnose suspected cases of CCHF in a timely manner; but he was also a great helper in keeping the people, the cattle, and the ticks in the land. ”

According to him, they conducted another survey and found that the virus has a high share in the animal population of Gujarat over the past 30-40 years.

The Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR) later conducted a nationwide survey of cattle, sheep, and goats from 22 states and one union. The results also showed that the virus is spreading to all of these areas.

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