Sleep Apnea May Cause Heart Failure, Study Warns – Best Life

As Americans live longer than ever before, heart disease is on the rise. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than six million American adults have heart disease, but contrary to what you might think, the term “heart failure” does not mean that your heart stops beating. Conversely, heart failure is a serious condition in which your heart cannot pump enough blood to keep your body functioning at its best.

Unfortunately, the symptoms of heart failure are difficult to detect and early symptoms are often missed. Symptoms of heart failure include shortness of breath during daily activities, difficulty breathing while lying down, weight gain, swelling, and fatigue. In addition, research shows that certain things you do at night can increase your risk of heart disease. Read on to find out what it is and how it may be affecting your heart.

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If you wake up tired or struggle to keep your eyes open during the day despite a good night’s rest, you may be suffering from a general condition that can lead to heart failure. According to a study published in 2018 Journal of the Texas Heart Institutethis sleep problem is associated with many heart-related issues such as hypertension, coronary artery disease, cardiac arrhythmias, sudden cardiac death and heart failure.

There are two types of heart failure: systolic and diastolic. Systolic heart failure occurs when the left ventricle of your heart does not contract fully, and your heart cannot pump enough blood throughout your body. Diastolic heart failure occurs when the left ventricle is not filling properly, causing less blood to be pumped around your body.

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A person with sleep apnea Macine
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Sleep apnea is a common condition where your breathing stops and starts frequently throughout the night. This prevents your body from getting enough oxygen and poses a health risk. There are two different types of heart failure-related sleep apnea: obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and central sleep apnea (CSA).

“In OSA, the airway is partially or completely blocked,” he explains Harneet Kaur Walia, MD, director of sleep medicine at Baptist Health’s Miami Heart and Vascular Institute. “There is no obstruction of the airway in CSA. In this type of sleep apnea, there is no breathing movement in the brain.”

According to a 2018 study, the prevalence of OSA is significantly higher in people with heart failure than in the general population. “OSA is strongly associated with high blood pressure, abnormal heart rhythms, heart attack, stroke and heart failure,” cautions Kaur Walia. “In patients with heart failure, excess fluid in the upper airways is an additional contributing factor to airway narrowing. Changes in thoracic pressure associated with sleep apnea place stress on the heart, and this effect is greater in those with heart failure.”

A person holding his head because of pain
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Snoring, headaches in the morning, mood swings, insomnia, and waking up at night with gasping or wheezing. Other warning signs may not be easy to detect, including increased blood pressure and increased activity of the sympathetic nervous system, such as increased heart rate, dilated pupils, and vasoconstriction.

“People who are overweight, have a large neck circumference, smoke, or have chronic lung conditions such as asthma are at increased risk for OSA,” he says. Jennifer Mieres, MD, professor of cardiology at the Zucker School of Medicine. “In addition, men have a higher prevalence of sleep apnea; they are 2 to 3 times more likely to suffer from sleep apnea than women. The risk is increased for obese women and those who are postmenopausal. Polycystic ovary syndrome, hormonal disorders, and previous stroke also increase the risk of sleep apnea. increases.

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Your doctor will test your sleep habits
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If you suspect you have sleep apnea, see your doctor who can perform tests to determine if you have OSA. There are two types of tests—nocturnal polysomnography and home sleep tests. During an overnight polysomnography test, doctors monitor the activity of your heart, lungs, and brain, breathing patterns, body movements, and blood oxygen levels while you sleep. Home sleep tests are simple tests your doctor can give you to measure your heart rate, breathing patterns, and blood oxygen levels throughout the night.

The Mayo Clinic reports that there are medical and surgical treatments for sleep apnea. Therapeutic treatment for OSA usually involves devices that work to keep the airways open. The most common treatment is continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), a device that delivers air pressure through a mask to keep your airways open while you sleep. Other therapeutic treatments include mouth devices that keep your larynx open, supplemental oxygen, and adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) airflow devices.

If medical treatment does not resolve your OSA, surgery may be required. Options include removing tissue from the roof of your mouth and throat, repositioning the jaw, nerve stimulation, and creating a new airway (also called a tracheostomy). A tracheostomy is only required in exceptional cases where OSA is life-threatening. Your doctor may recommend healthy lifestyle choices for milder cases of OSA, such as eating a healthy diet, losing weight, and avoiding alcohol and smoking.

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