Senior Climate Adviser Gina McCarthy is said to be planning to leave

White House climate adviser Gina McCarthy has told those close to her that she is frustrated by the slow pace of climate progress and plans to step down in the coming months, according to several people she spoke to.

Ms McCarthy, 67, who has served since the start of the Biden administration, was widely expected to remain in office for about a year, her friends and colleagues said Thursday.

President Biden asked her to stay, according to a person familiar with Ms McCarthy’s plans. Others who spoke with her in recent days said that Mrs. McCarthy denied them that she was leaving soon and told her colleagues that she had no specific date on her mind. It is expected that she will be succeeded by her deputy, Ali Zaidi.

Ms McCarthy did not respond to requests for comment on her plans, which were first reported by Reuters. Vidant Patel, a White House spokesman, called the reports “incorrect.”

“We do not have any employee announcements,” Mr. Patel said in a statement. “Gina and her entire team continue to have a laser focus on implementing President Biden’s clean energy agenda.”

Mr. Biden has appointed Mrs. McCarthy, who served as director of the Environmental Protection Agency under President Barack Obama, to lead his ambitious climate agenda, which calls for nearly halving the nation’s greenhouse gas emissions by the end of this decade.

But his plans were held up in Congress by united opposition from Republicans as well as from Senator Joe Manchin III, Democrat of West Virginia, who represented a crucial weighted vote in the evenly divided Senate.

Separately, Mr. Biden plans to use the executive branch to enact tough new rules on greenhouse pollution from power plants and cars that could be sharply limited by an upcoming ruling from the conservative-leaning Supreme Court.

In addition, the war in Ukraine has driven up gasoline prices, prompting Biden to take steps that are anathema to climate activists. He released a record amount of oil from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, appealed to oil and gas companies to do more drilling and temporarily relaxed environmental rules to allow sales of gasoline mixed with ethanol during the summer months, when it is normally banned because it can cause smog.

The moves came as a landmark United Nations report was released warning leading scientists from around the world that time is running out for countries to move away from fossil fuels or face a future climate catastrophe.

One person described Ms McCarthy as being “in a cornered position” and said she was concerned about the political and legal challenges facing climate management plans. Others said she lamented the difficulties of traveling and being away from her husband.

Publicly, though, Ms McCarthy has insisted she remains optimistic about the chances of climate legislation being passed this year. At a recent event in Washington, she said she was “not naive” about the challenges but added: “I think we’ll have a bill that’s going to move this fall.”

When she worked in the Obama administration, Ms. McCarthy was a key architect of the president’s historical, far-reaching policies on climate change.

After the election of Donald J. Trump, Ms. McCarthy became chair of the Natural Resources Defense Council, which has sued the Trump administration more than 100 times as Mr. Trump rescinded much of Mr. Obama’s environmental legacy.

Under Mr. Biden, Mrs. McCarthy has been tasked with leading a “whole of government” approach as nearly every federal agency has enacted new regulations designed to tackle climate change. She also hoped to guide Congress toward passing new climate laws that a future president could not undo, ensuring a steady decline in the nation’s greenhouse emissions.

Zulan Kanu Youngs Contribute to the preparation of reports.

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