New research shows 3 activities that can reduce the risk of dementia

The examine additionally linked frequent bodily exercise to a 35% discount in dementia.

Housework, bodily exercise, and social outings had been all related to decreased charges of dementia.

A brand new examine revealed lately neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology, suggests that bodily and psychological activities, corresponding to doing house responsibilities, exercising, and visiting household and buddies, can assist reduce the risk of dementia. The examine examined how these activities, psychological exercise, and digital gadget use mixed affected individuals with out rising the hereditary risk of dementia.

“Many research have recognized potential risk components for dementia, however we needed to study extra about totally different life-style habits and their potential function in dementia prevention,” stated examine creator Huang Song, MD, Ph.D, Sichuan. University of Chengdu, China. “Our research shows that train, house responsibilities and social activities reduce the risk of all kinds of dementia.”

The examine concerned 501,376 individuals with out dementia from a UK database. The common age of the members is 36.

At the starting of the take a look at, the members crammed out a questionnaire, one of which requested about their bodily exercise. They had been requested how usually they walked, climbed stairs, and did vigorous train. They had been additionally requested about family chores, work-related activities, and mode of transportation, together with biking or strolling.

Another psychological exercise questionnaire was accomplished by the members. They had been requested about their stage of schooling, whether or not they attended grownup schooling lessons, how usually they visited buddies and family members, whether or not they went to bars, social golf equipment or spiritual organizations, and the way usually they used expertise corresponding to computer systems, televisions, and telephones. .

Participants additionally reported whether or not their rapid members of the family had dementia. This can assist decide whether or not individuals have a genetic risk[{” attribute=””>Alzheimer’s disease. Participants in the study were followed for an average of 11 years. At the conclusion of the study, 5,185 participants had dementia.

After adjusting for multiple factors such as age, income, and smoking, researchers found that most physical and mental activities studied showed links to the risk of dementia. Importantly, the findings remain after considering the high correlations and interactions of these activities. People who were highly engaged in activity patterns including frequent exercises, household chores, and daily visits of family and friends had a 35%, 21%, and 15% lower risk of dementia, respectively, compared to people who were the least engaged in these activity patterns.

Researchers also looked at dementia incidence rates by identifying activity patterns. The rate in people who exercised frequently was 0.45 cases for every 1,000 person-years compared to 1.59 for people who rarely exercised. Person-years take into account the number of people in a study as well as the amount of time spent in the study. Those who frequently did household chores had a rate of 0.86 cases for every 1,000 person-years compared to 1.02 for people who rarely did household chores. People who visited family daily had a rate of 0.62 cases for every 1,000 person-years compared to 0.8 cases for those who only visited friends and family once every few months.

“Our study has found that by engaging more frequently in healthy physical and mental activities people may reduce their risk of dementia,” Song said. “More research is needed to confirm our findings. However, our results are encouraging that making these simple lifestyle changes may be beneficial.”

The researchers found that all participants benefited from the protective effect of physical and mental activities, whether or not they had a family history of dementia.

A limitation of the study was that people reported their own physical and mental activity, so they may not have remembered and reported these activities correctly.

Reference: “Physical and Mental Activity, Disease Susceptibility, and Risk of Dementia” by Jianwei Zhu, Fenfen Ge, Yu Zeng, Yuanyuan Qu, Wenwen Chen, Huazhen Yang, Lei Yang, Fang Fang and Huan Song, 27 July 2022, Neurology.
DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000200701

The study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, and the National Clinical Research Center for Geriatrics.

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