Houston – New Orleans may be Mardi Gras’s famous home, but new research has shown that this place is also the new home of genital herpes.
A group of STDcheck.com reports that genital herpes is most prevalent in New Orleans in a study of more than 130,000 Americans in more than 30 U.S. cities. In New Orleans, more than one in five people tested (20.4%) is infected with the herpes virus. According to researchers, this is well above the national average of 15.7 percent.
“The spread of genital herpes in New Orleans could trigger a public health crisis. We can’t emphasize that sexually active people use protection against STIs, ”said the doctor. David Jane, medical director of STDcheck.com, in a media release.
The study’s authors note that a new outbreak of genital herpes was observed during the pandemic in New Orleans – an increase of 57 percent since 2019. Three years ago, researchers estimated that only 13 percent of New Orleans residents were infected.
Because there is no definitive cure for STIs, researchers encourage adults to get tested regularly if they are sexually active. They add that herpes “shouldn’t be the end of your sex life.”
The five metropolitan areas with the highest incidence of genital herpes are Salt Lake City (19.2%), Cincinnati (19.1%), Charlotte (19%) and Orlando (19%).
“Unprotected sex is dangerous and people need to know that they are exposed to prevent serious health problems,” the doctor said. Jane says.
Why does the virus keep coming back?
In a separate study, German researchers found that herpesviruses kept coming back and causing their carriers to become infected.
So far, doctors have identified eight different types of the herpes virus that can infect humans. After the initial infection, they settle down and become relatively dormant in the body, but the virus is never completely eliminated. As the disease progresses, itchy cold sores, blisters, or swelling develop in the problem areas.
A new study in the journal nature Viral microRNA has revealed a previously unknown cellular mechanism used to activate herpes in patients.
For the first time, the authors of the study found that viral microRNA in herpes plays a key regulatory role, causing the virus to reactivate. In this study, the team focused on human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6), which more than 90 percent of the population carries unnoticed! This particular herpesvirus only causes problems if he wakes up from his sleep.
“How herpesviruses reactivate from sleep is a major issue in herpesvirus research,” said Lars Dolken, a virologist at Julius Maximilian University. “If we understand that, we know how to intervene therapeutically.”
Finding the Key to Herpes Outbreaks
The command revealed that the key was a viral microRNA called miR-aU14. The regulatory miR-aU14 in HHV-6 is derived from the virus itself. As soon as the microRNA of the virus expresses this gene, it begins to disrupt the metabolism of the human microRNA.
This leads to a chain reaction in the human body, which eventually disrupts the immune system’s ability to sense the presence of viruses. In this case, the herpesvirus is able to move from a dormant state to an active state.
The highest levels of genital herpes are found in the metropolitan areas of the United States:
- New Orleans-Metairie, La. (20.4%)
- Salt Lake City, Utah (19.2%)
- Cincinnati, Ohio (19.1%)
- Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC (19.0%)
- Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Florida. (19.0%)
- San Francisco-Oakland-Berkeley, California. (18.9%)
- Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, Nev. (18.7%)
- St. Louis, Mo. (18.3%)
- Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, Ore. (18.1%)
- Dallas Fort Worth Arlington, Texas (18.0%)
- New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ (18.0%)
- Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL. (18.0%)
- Raleigh Carey, NC (17.9%)
- San Diego-Chula Vista-Carlsbad, California. (17.8%)
- Riverside-San-Bernardino-Ontario, California. (17.7%)
- Washington DS-Arlington-Alexandria, Va. (17.6%)
- Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, Ind. (17.5%)
- Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, Colo. (17.4%)
- Oklahoma City, Okla. (17.4%)
- Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Pa-NJ-Del. (17.4%)
- Minneapolis St. Paul Bloomington, Minn. (17.4%)
- Jacksonville, Florida. (17.3%)
- Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, Texas (17.1%)
- Sacramento-Rosville-Falls, California. (16.9%)
- Columbus, Ohio (16.9%)
- Boston-Cambridge-Newton, Mass. (16.9%)
- Phoenix-Meza-Chandler, Ariz. (16.9%)
- San Antonio-New Brownfels, Texas (16.6%)
- Milwaukee-Wokesha, Wis. (16.5%)
- Seattle-Tacoma-Belevue, Vash. (16.5%)
- Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Alfaretta, Ha. (16.1%)
- Baltimore-Columbia-Tawson, MD. (16.0%)
- Kansas City, Mo. (15.7%)
- San Jose Sannivale Santa Clara, California. (15.4%)