The United States is responding to a request to release a monkey vaccine from the country’s Strategic National Warehouse as the global epidemic is being investigated.
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Monday that there was one confirmed case and four suspected cases of monkey disease in the United States.
“I can say that the Jynneos vaccine has been requested to be released for some high-risk contacts by some of the first patients in the National Reserve, so it is now active,” the doctor said. This was announced on Monday by Jennifer McQueiston, Deputy Director of the Department of Highly Dangerous Pathogens and Pathologies of the Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases of the CDC National Center.
McQuiston said the United States has a “good stock” of the vaccine because it may need to use smallpox doses.
In the United States, the two-dose Jynneos vaccine is licensed to prevent smallpox and especially monkey smallpox.
“We currently have more than 1,000 doses of it and we expect that level to rise rapidly in the coming weeks because the company will give us more doses,” Mackwiston said.
There is another smallpox vaccine licensed in the United States, ACAM2000, which can be used to prevent monkey smallpox and has more than 100 million doses in the country.
“ACAM2000 is an older generation vaccine against smallpox and it has some serious side effects. So there should be a serious discussion behind the decision to use it more widely,” McCuiston said.
In general, “we hope to distribute the vaccine as much as possible to those who will benefit from it,” he said. “They are people who have been in contact with people with monkey pox, medical staff, people who have very close personal contacts and people who are at particular risk of contracting smallpox.”
A confirmed case of monkey disease in the United States is in a man in Massachusetts, and four cases of orthopoxia are in men in New York, Florida and Utah, according to the CDC. Orthopox generally refers to smallpox viruses.
According to McQuiston, health care providers should consider these orthopox cases to be monkeys.
“Additional cases may be reported in the United States,” he said.
McQuiston said the CDC expects to receive samples “today or tomorrow” from four suspicious cases for further analysis. Laboratories in the CDC’s Laboratory Response Network can test for the orthopox virus, which is then tested for monkeys by PCR tests at the agency, which will take “several hours” to process, he said.
“Since the CDC sampled, we can perform PCR tests confirming smallpox on the same day. We’ve seen a change in the days since the suspicious patient went to the doctor and got the first results from the LRN lab,” McQueen said.
The CDC sequence of a confirmed case in Massachusetts was “really fast,” and within 48 hours, researchers were able to see that it coincided with an incident in Portugal.
“This process took two weeks ago, but we were able to publish it in two days, because we think that the open sharing of priority data will be important for all countries. Understand how the virus is spreading around the world,” Mackouiston said.
Monkey smallpox can be transmitted through sexual intercourse, not sex, the doctor said. John Brooks, CDC Chief Physician for HIV Prevention.
“Monkeypox is not a sexually transmitted infection in the normal sense, but it can be transmitted during sexual and intimate content, as well as through personal contact and shared bedding and clothing,” Brooks said Monday.
Monkeys can infect or spread smallpox in anyone, but the latest global epidemic is becoming a “significant part of the situation” among gay and bisexual men.
“Some groups may be at greater risk now, but smallpox is not unique to the gay and bisexual communities in the United States,” Brooks said. “Anyone, anyone can develop [and] The monkeys spread smallpox, but … most of the victims of the current global epidemic have been identified as gay and bisexual men.
Brooks said the CDC has now decided to hold a press conference on the epidemic because the LGBTQ Pride month usually begins on Memorial Day weekends and officials want to make sure the public is aware of the situation. He also urged doctors to beware of the disease, as it could be similar to other types of STIs.
According to him, rashes “appear in different parts of the body than we expected.”
“In some cases, it caused ulcers on the genitals or genitals, similar to other diseases such as herpes, chickenpox, or syphilis. Thus, if a person has rashes or sores around them, or if they have genitals, anus, or other areas they have never seen before, they should be fully evaluated for rashes, especially sexually transmitted infections, and other diseases that cause rashes. she said.
“By focusing on the fact that some of these cases were sexual and perianal presentations, what we’re trying to do is warn people that they may come to evaluate what they think is STIs, but can we be the ‘provider’ of this monkey pox?” if circumstances allow. ”