Monkeys by numbers: Facts about a rare virus that is currently spreading

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Smallpox hit the public’s radar on May 6, 2022, after a British resident was reported to have tested positive for the rare virus.

Health experts say most people should not be at risk if they are updated on the smallpox vaccine, but while the COVID-19 pandemic still persists, many cannot think about the current monkey epidemic. the world.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), symptoms of smallpox include fever, muscle aches, fatigue, headaches, back pain, swollen lymph nodes, chills, and rashes and sores within a day or three.

Here are 12 quick numbers based facts about monkeys.


1958 – Scientists first discovered smallpox in 1958 after two epidemics were observed in monkey colonies reserved for research, according to the CDC. The monkeys in question showed “smallpox-like disease,” which led to the virus’s name referring to primates.

In this distribution chart of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the patient showed signs of the smallpox virus on May 27, 2003. The CDC said the virus was thought to have spread from field dogs to monkeys. For the first time in the United States, about 20 cases were reported in Wisconsin, Illinois and Indiana.
(Courtesy of CDC / Getty Images)

1970 – According to the CDC, the first case of smallpox was reported in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

9 – In Africa, smallpox has been found in nine countries in the central and western regions of the continent, including Cameroon, the Central African Republic, C Кte d’Ivoire, Gabon, Liberia, Nigeria, the Republic of the Congo, Sierra Leone and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. . The CDC said smallpox found outside Africa was “related to international travel or imported animals.”


6 According to the World Health Organization (WHO), as of May 26, there is an endemic smallpox epidemic in six African countries. , Democratic Republic of the Congo (1284 cases, 58 deaths), Nigeria (46 cases, 0 deaths) and the Republic of the Congo (2 cases, 0 deaths).

21 – The number of monkey cases in the United States reached 21 as of June 3, four in the CDC, California and New York, three in Florida, two in Colorado and Utah, and one each in Georgia, Illinois, Massachusetts and Pennsylvania. Virginia and Washington.

In this illustration taken on May 22, 2022

In this illustration, taken on May 22, 2022, the test tubes marked “Monkey smallpox virus positive” are shown on the case.
(REUTERS / Dado Ruvic / Illustration)

WHO: Monkeys are not endemic

    Eastern Mediterranean: United Arab Emirates and Sudan

    Europe: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom

    Pan America: Argentina, Canada, French Guiana and the United States

    Western Pacific: Australia

23 – In addition to Africa, the WTO has received reports of monkey cases in 23 countries in the Eastern Mediterranean, Europe, Pan America and the Western Pacific. These cases were registered from 13 to 26 May.

31 – As of June 3, the CDC said confirmed cases of monkey disease had spread to more countries. The full list of 31 countries is available on the agency’s website. These figures have not yet been announced by the WTO.

257 – As of May 26, the World Health Organization has confirmed 257 cases of monkeys in non-endemic countries.


117 to 127 As of May 26, the number of suspected cases of monkey smallpox in non-endemic countries ranged from 117 to 127.

3% – 6% According to the World Health Organization, the death rate from smallpox in monkeys has “recently” ranged from 3% to 6%. Previously, it ranged from 0% to 11%, and the risk of infant mortality was high.

In this illustration, taken on May 25, 2022, the woman

In this illustration, taken on May 25, 2022, a woman holds a vial with a mock-up of the “Monkey smallpox vaccine” and a medical syringe.
(REUTERS / Dado Ruvic / Illustration)

two – According to the CDC, there are two licensed vaccines against smallpox in monkeys. Vaccines – Sanofi Pasteur Biologics Co. made by ACAM200 and JYNNEOSTMc made by Bavarian Nordic. The CDC says the two viruses are closely linked because smallpox vaccines can be used to protect people from monkey smallpox.

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1980 – In 1980, the World Health Assembly declared smallpox a “eradicated” disease by the CDC.

Fox News’ Julia Musto contributed to this report.

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