Feedback | Measles can occur after a Kovid pandemic. We need to be vaccinated.

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What has been feared for two years that a global coronavirus pandemic could lead to health crises is now really going on with measles, which can be stopped with effective vaccination. The pandemic has disrupted a vaccination campaign aimed at children, and the disease is on the rise again.

Measles spreads when an infected person coughs or sneezes and then stays in the air for up to two hours. The disease, especially among children, can lead to serious complications and death. An effective way to stop the spread is to immunize 95 percent of the population.

Between 2000 and 2016, there was a significant reduction in measles and related deaths worldwide. The estimated incidence of measles has decreased by 65 percent, from 28.3 million in 2000 to 9.8 million in 2019. Similarly, the number of deaths from measles decreased from 539 in 20,0005,000 to 28.3 million. Immunization of the period saved the lives of millions of people; According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the percentage of children receiving the first dose of the measles vaccine increased from 72 percent in 2000 to 84 percent in 2020. Even before the pandemic began, there was a global increase in measles in 2019, but then it decreased in 2020 due to precautionary measures such as face masks to combat the spread of Kovid-19.

However, the pandemic caused problems. This created logistical barriers to vaccination campaigns and reduced resources. In a statement on April 27, the World Health Organization and UNICEF said 57 vaccine-preventable campaigns had been postponed in 43 countries since the pandemic began. Of those, 19 are anti-measles campaigns, the cessation of which has resulted in 73 million children being vaccinated against measles. Two doses of a safe and effective rubella vaccine can protect children with widespread coverage, but many interrupted campaigns had to give a second dose. Its effects are now being felt: 17,338 cases of measles were reported worldwide in the first two months of this year, more than double the 9,665 cases in the first two months of 2021. the world. The top five countries were Somalia, Yemen, Afghanistan, Nigeria and Ethiopia.

The United States, which declared no measles in 2000, saw significant growth in 2019, but has seen a decline in the incidence of the disease recently. More than 90 percent of children are vaccinated against measles, mumps, and rubella for up to 24 months.

From mid-2017 to the end of 2019, the fight against the measles epidemic, the second largest in the world, broke out in Ukraine due to the epidemic and then the war. Ukraine was able to receive its first dose to 85 percent of eligible children by 2020, but the WHO said it was “seriously concerned about a possible measles epidemic” and overall immunity in Ukraine remains low.

Free movement of beets is not allowed. Despite the obstacles of the pandemic and the war, new efforts need to be made to address the global immunization gap.

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