The study found that a glass of wine with dinner is safer than drinking alcohol on a Saturday and eating for the rest of the week.
- U.S. experts have studied the drinking habits of 1,000 Americans aged 30 and older
- People who drink five or more drinks at the same time are more likely to have alcohol problems
- At the same time, those who ate dinner and drank once a day were less at risk
When it comes to wine, it is safer to drink it all week than to drink it all in one night.
Researchers have found that drinking one glass each night, rather than seven at a time, significantly reduces the risk of alcohol abuse.
The study followed 1,000 Americans aged 30 and older for nine years.
Dr. Charles Holahan, research leader and professor of psychology at the University of Texas at Austin, said not all units of alcohol consumed are the same.
“This Saturday night, a person with a total consumption of seven drinks, even if their average drinking level is the same, shows a higher risk profile than a person with a total consumption of dinner and daily drinks,” he said.
The NHS recommends that men and women drink no more than 14 units per week – about six pints of beer or 10 small glasses of wine.
But he warns against banning more than five units at a time – three beers or half a bottle of wine.
American experts who studied more than 1,000 Americans aged 30 and older found that those who drank five or more drinks more than once a day were five times more likely to have many health problems.
How much alcohol?
To avoid health risks, the NHS recommends that men and women not drink more than 14 units per week.
The unit of alcohol is 8 g or 10 ml of pure alcohol, which is approximately:
- Camp / beer / cider with less than half a liter and normal strength (ABV 3.6%)
- a small amount (25 ml) of alcohol (25 ml, ABV 40%)
A small glass (125ml, ABV 12%) of wine contains about 1.5 units of alcohol.
However, the NHS warns that drinking any amount of alcohol on a regular basis can endanger your health.
Short-term risks include injury, violence, and alcohol poisoning.
Long-term risks include heart and liver disease, stroke, and liver, colon, butterfly, and breast cancer.
People who drink up to 14 drinks a week are advised to take it evenly for three or more days instead of drinking.
Women who are pregnant or trying to conceive are advised not to drink to reduce the risk to the baby.
The Texas team said they missed a study of when these drinks were consumed, for example, whether they were all spread over a day or a week, which disguises drinking.
To better understand average drinking habits and their effects, the researchers looked at two questionnaires filled out by 1,229 average drinkers nine years apart.
Moderate drinking was defined as no more than one per day for women and no more than two per day for men.
However, researchers have not been able to determine which type of alcohol is considered a beverage.
People are classified as having alcohol problems if they are at risk of alcohol-related injuries or emotional or psychological problems.
Alcohol problems also include those who want to drink alcohol that individuals cannot tolerate, those who have to drink more alcohol to achieve the same effect, and those who drink more than prescribed.
The results, published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, showed that by the end of the nine-year study, heavy drinkers were equally likely to have alcohol problems, but twice as likely to drink in a week.
Dr. Holahan said, “Excessive drinking among adults avoids public health screening because it is found in people who drink moderately.
“These findings highlight the need for alcohol interventions aimed at moderate alcoholics, in addition to traditional strategies aimed at high-risk but less commonly high-alcohol populations.”
Dr. Rudolf Moose, one of the study’s co-authors and an honorary professor of psychiatry and science at Stanford University School of Medicine, said: “Scientific and media discussions generally do not address alcohol consumption.
“It is a misconception that moderate consumption is safe, despite the pattern of drinking many beverages.”