Defects can be treated at home as dermatologists do

Come on, you’re delicious. That’s why bugs get worse every time you’re around, and why spend a few hours outdoors can make you feel like an easy target for any buzzing reptile. When you come home and see those red spots, you know that you have been waiting for itchy and uncomfortable days.

Although they know a lot about skin, dermatologists also point out flaws. Here’s what they have to say about resolving the awkward situation now and avoiding it in the future.

Ack! Why am I so itchy?

“When insects bite our skin, they inject a small amount of saliva and trigger an immune response,” says the dermatologist. Maei MD Skincare founder Rebecca Marcus. “Histamine, a chemical that causes inflammation and itching, is released as a signal to send white blood cells to the body.

Basically, he said dermatologist Jeannette CountClinical Professor of Dermatology, Sinai Medical School, “Your skin is boosting an immune response to a foreign substance.”

What can i do? (And what should I avoid?)

First, be patient. “Itching can last from a few minutes to a few days, depending on how strong your body’s reaction to the bite is,” said the dermatologist. Joshua Zeichner, Associate Professor of Dermatology, Mount Sinai Hospital.

“I recommend using a topical steroid cream as soon as possible,” Marcus said. Another easy way to feel better soon is to be close to your freezer. “Ice compresses superficial blood vessels, reduces inflammation and helps to temporarily feel better on the bitten area,” he explained.

The count recommended home remedies, including aloe vera. “It has anti-inflammatory properties that can help with itching,” he said. Another of her favorite treatments is soda baths. “If you make a few mistakes, they are great. Baking soda has anti-inflammatory properties and relieves itching for some time. ”

What should I avoid?

When you’re looking for something to itch, keep in mind that some things can be a bad idea. Dermatologist Loretta Siraldo, founder Dr. Loretta Skincare, warned to apply heat to the area. “It causes redness, swelling and itching,” he said. “They also do not apply polysporin or other antibiotic ointments. They often cause allergic reactions and can make them worse instead of better. ”

And when you’re on a list of things we shouldn’t do, you know you shouldn’t scratch, right? “You can create an open wound and increase the likelihood of infection,” Zeichner said.

When should I see a doctor?

“If you’re having trouble sleeping, a dermatologist can give you an itchy steroid cream or oral medication to help reduce the itching,” Marcus said.

“If you have any serious tumors other than the first bite or have difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately,” Zeichner said.

“If you have a fever, see a doctor, it could mean you’ve been bitten,” he said. “If the bite site is blistered and the number increases, it’s also a sign of a need to see a doctor.”

“If it’s four or five days and the area is getting worse instead of getting better, get medical help,” Siraldo said. “If you see a red line around this area, it indicates an infection that has entered your bloodstream, usually from too much scratching.”

What can I do next to prevent it?

“Use insect repellent,” Marcus urged. “I swear by the Fisherman’s formula (shown below), its active ingredient is picaridine.” Studies have shown Effective as picaridine DEET guarding mosquitoes. However, unlike DEET, picaridine is odorless, non-greasy and does not dissolve plastics or other synthetic substances.

Here are some products that dermatologists recommend.

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Sawyer Fisherman’s Formula Insect repellent

“I swear by this brand that it contains mosquito magnets and picaridine as an active ingredient,” Marcus said.

Aveeno maximum strength 1% hydrocortisone anti-itch cream

“To reduce inflammation and itching, you can apply an over-the-counter itchy cream like this,” Zeichner said.

Benadril antihistamine

“If you’ve had a few bites and you’re really unhappy, you may want to take an antihistamine to ease the immune response,” Marcus said. “The sedative effects of some antihistamines can be a good help before going to bed if you wake up at night with itching.”

Aquaphor maximum strength itchy oil

“My favorite thing to do when biting a bug is to use ice and then this product,” Siraldo said.

Vaseline Intensive Care Advanced Repair Lotion

“I usually recommend applying moisturizers to bitten skin to maintain the skin’s barrier function,” Zeichner said.

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