In America, placing graphic warnings on cigarette packs “has no effect” on the number of smokers on a daily basis – but it does embarrass them to hide their packs, the study found.
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego, found that smokers continued to smoke about 10 cigarettes a day for up to a year after being given packages with pictures of their legs, sick children, and throat cancer.
But six out of ten admitted to hiding the packages for at least some time because of images that were 40 percent higher than before the study began.
In 2009, the United States issued graphic warnings to cigarettes in more than 120 other countries, including the United Kingdom and Canada.
However, the photos have not yet appeared on the packaging, as the order is currently subject to legal challenges issued by the tobacco industry.
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego, gave American smokers packages of cigarettes that had graphic warnings and monitored whether they would hide their packs and increase their chances of quitting. Above is a picture of throat cancer
They found that graphic warnings, such as the diseased feet described above – had “no effect” on the number of cigarettes they smoked per day.
However, researchers found that the packs resulted in six out of every ten smokers instead of the usual four. The baby has another graphic note above
Two different groups of participants were given empty cigarette packs (as described above) or as usual. They showed no change in smoking behavior
The chart above shows the percentage of smokers in each group who hid their packages in three groups (yellow line). Those who received packages with graphics (GWL package) hid the packages, but there was no change in the group that received the standard US and blank packages.
Dr. John Pierce, a public health expert who led the study, said: “The introduction of graphic warnings on cigarette packs had no effect on smoking behavior.
‘[However]The re-packaging of cigarettes with graphic warnings has increased the percentage of smokers from 41 per cent to 57 per cent who have reported packing concealment behavior for at least some time. ‘
Three-fifths of smokers with head and neck cancer continue to smoke
Last month, it was discovered that most smokers diagnosed with head and neck cancer were still smoking two years after treatment.
Researchers at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis found that 89 people over the age of 60 were diagnosed with smoking at least five cigarettes a day.
Two years after treatment, 38 or 60 percent of the 61 survivors still smoked.
The researchers said they were unable to quit smoking because they went “cold” when diagnosed – quit all cigarettes – and were at risk of recurrence. They urged smokers with cancer to seek advice and medication to help them break the habit.
In the first six months after diagnosis, smokers with cancer quit three times as often as at other times.
In a study published today in the journal JAMA Network Open, the researchers hired about 400 current smokers from the San Diego area.
Participants were on average 40 years old and did not plan to quit smoking at the time of registration.
A third smoked cigarettes in packages with graphic warnings, as in Australia, for three months.
The rest were sent empty packages or packages with standard US labels.
During the three-month study period, participants were asked to describe whether they hid their packs “at least for a short time” each day and how much they smoked.
Researchers followed them for another nine months while using regular cigarette packs.
The proportion of graphics packets hidden in a given group increased from ten to four to six.
But when they were allowed to buy regular packs of cigarettes again, it dropped to a quarter of a dozen.
For comparison, four of the ten participants in the other two groups said they hid cigarette packs “at least for a while” during the study.
Participants in the group, who received graphic warnings, smoked about 11 cigarettes a day at the beginning of the trial, and finally dropped to nine.
However, the researchers said that the difference was not significant and could be due to other factors.
In the other two groups, the average number of cigarettes smoked per day decreased from 11 to 9.
The researchers said their study still suggested the use of graphic warnings, as hiding cigarette packs could reduce teens’ smoking.
More than 120 countries have forced tobacco companies to write warnings about the negative effects of smoking on their packages.
However, an increasing number of studies show that the effectiveness of warnings is declining, as smokers become more accustomed to them.
In a 2019 article, about 36 percent of Canadian smokers found that using warnings twenty years ago was “absolutely” or “minimal” effective, prompting them to quit.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that approximately 31 million Americans, or one in eight adults, smoke.
That number is now slowly increasing, with tobacco sales growing by about 0.4 percent last year for the first time in two decades.
By 2021, the number of young Americans using tobacco will increase by about 2.5 million.