Are you addicted to food? Your parents’ drinking habits may affect your risk

Summary: Having a parent who has experienced alcoholism increases a person’s risk of becoming addicted to processed foods, a new study suggests.

A source: University of Michigan

New research from the University of Michigan shows that people with parents who have alcohol problems are at a higher risk of showing signs of addiction to processed foods.

These foods, such as ice cream, chocolate, pizza, and French fries, contain unnaturally high amounts of refined carbohydrates and fats that can be addictive in some people.

UM researchers wanted to find out if a major risk factor for addiction — parents with alcohol problems — predicts increased addiction to highly processed foods.

1 in 5 people exhibit this clinically significant addiction to highly processed foods, characterized by loss of control over intake, intense cravings, and an inability to cut back despite negative consequences.

“People with a family history of addiction may be at risk for problematic relationships with highly processed foods, which is especially difficult in an environment where these foods are cheap, accessible and highly marketed,” said Lindsey Hoover, UM. psychology. graduate student and lead author of the study.

UM researchers wanted to find out if a major risk factor for addiction — parents with alcohol problems — predicts increased addiction to highly processed foods. Image is in the public domain

The research shows that addiction responses do not end with food, with food addicts also showing personal problems with alcohol, cannabis, tobacco and vaping.

Diets dominated by highly processed foods and excessive use of addictive substances are the leading causes of preventable death in the modern world. This study suggests that interventions are needed to simultaneously reduce addictive eating and substance use.

“Public health approaches that reduce the harm of other addictive substances, such as limiting marketing to children, may be important to reduce the negative effects of processed foods,” Hoover said.

This is about addiction research news

Author: Press service
A source: University of Michigan
The connection: Press Office – University of Michigan
Photo: Image is in the public domain

Original research: Closed access.
Lindzey V. Hoover et al “Co-occurrence of food addiction, obesity, problem substance use and problem alcohol use with parental history”. The psychology of addiction

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Abstract

Coexistence of food addiction, obesity, problematic substance use, and problematic parental alcohol history

Purpose: This study examines co-occurrence rates between food addiction (FA), problematic substance use (alcohol, cannabis, tobacco, nicotine and vaping), parental history of problematic alcohol use, and obesity. There is a phenotype like eating.

Method: The community sample consisted of 357 US adults (49.7% male, 77.6% White, Man act 40.7) completed the Yale Food Dependence Scale 2.0 (YFAS2.0), the Alcohol Use Disorder Screening Test, the Cannabis Use Disorder Screening Test, the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence, the Electronic Cigarette Dependence Scale, the Family Tree Questionnaire, and the Questionnaire . / Self-report body mass index questions using Amazon Mechanical Turk. Risk ratios (RRs; unadjusted and adjusted for sociodemographic covariates) were calculated using modified Poisson regression.

Results: Participants with problematic alcohol use had a higher risk of FA (RR = 2.13, 99% CI [1.32, 3.45]), tuxedo (RR = 1.86, 99% CI [0.82, 3.36]), cannabis use (unadjusted; RR = 2.22, 99% CI [1.17, 4.18]), vaping (RR = 2.71, 99% CI [1.75, 4.21]) and parental history of problematic alcohol use (RR = 2.35, 99% CI) [1.46, 3.79]). Participants with obesity had a higher risk of FA only in adjusted models (RR = 1.87, 99% CI [1.06, 3.27]). Obesity was not significantly associated with a history of problematic substance use and a parental history of problematic alcohol use.

Conclusions: FA, but not obesity, co-occurred with problematic substance use and parental history of problematic alcohol use. The results support the conceptualization of FA as an addictive disorder. The inclusion of FA as an addictive disorder in diagnostic frameworks is an important area for future consideration.

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