Added dietary sugar does not increase the risk of diabetes

revealed by researchers The examine is included on this abstract Not but thought of a preprint on

Key exclusions

  • Added sugar as a proportion of whole power consumption averaged 13.9% for each prediabetic and normoglycemic adults.

  • In a nationally consultant examine of 5,306 US adults aged ≥ 20 years, neither whole nor % added sugar consumption was considerably related to prevalent prediabetes.

  • Research exhibits that after controlling for whole energy, BMI, health-related behaviors, and sociodemographic elements, the whole quantity of sugar consumed as half of a typical weight loss program does not considerably increase an individual’s risk of creating prediabetes.

Why is that this necessary?

  • Most earlier research evaluating the direct impact of added sugar on prediabetes have been restricted to analyzing sugar proxies equivalent to sugar-sweetened drinks, high-fructose corn syrup, and fructose-sweetened drinks, relatively than whole added sugar from all dietary sources.

  • According to the authors, that is the first examine they’re conscious of to look at the affiliation between ordinary consumption of whole added sugars and prevalent prediabetes in a big nationwide pattern of US adults.

Learning design

  • A cross-sectional evaluation of dietary recall knowledge from three cycles of the 2013–2018 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), together with 2154 adults ≥ 20 years of age with normoglycemia (41%) and 3152 with prediabetes (59%), A1c Defined as fasting plasma glucose of 5.7%-6.4% or 100-125 mg/dL.

  • The researchers outlined added sugar as sugar, syrup, fruit juice concentrates, or caloric sweeteners added throughout processing, preparation, or earlier than consumption of meals and drinks, and did not embrace pure sugars present in milk and fruit. They used estimates of added sugars from the Food and Nutrient Database’s Food Sample Equivalents database for dietary research.

Main outcomes

  • The common age of the examine group was 47 years, 51% had been feminine, 66% had been non-Hispanic white, 15% had been Hispanic, 11% had been non-Hispanic black, 37% had been overweight, and 55% reported that they engaged in average or vigorous bodily exercise. exercise. The imply A1c was 5.4%, and the imply fasting plasma glucose was 101 mg/dL.

  • The whole pattern reported consuming 13.9% of whole each day energy from added sugars, with no important variations between these with prediabetes and people with regular blood glucose and A1c ranges.

  • Usual intakes for whole energy averaged 2067 kcal/day, and regular intakes for whole added sugars averaged 72 grams (290 kcal/day). Mean scores on each measures did not differ considerably between the two subgroups.

  • Results from unadjusted and adjusted fashions confirmed that whole sugar consumption was not considerably related to the prevalence of prediabetes. Consumption of completely different percentages of added sugar was additionally not considerably related to the prevalence of prediabetes.

  • The affiliation between whole and % added sugar consumption and prevalence of prediabetes did not differ considerably by race or ethnicity. However, sure racial or ethnic teams had increased charges of prediabetes in adjusted fashions: those that recognized as Hispanic, Asian American, or different races, with Asian Americans having the highest charges.


  • The design of the potential examine does not enable for the evaluation of causal relationships.

  • Participants’ self-reports of latest admissions ought to under- or over-report.

  • A range of elements could make measuring A1c ranges in the prediabetes vary unreliable.


This is a abstract of the examine “Total added sugar consumption not considerably related to risk of prediabetes amongst US adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2013-2018” by researchers primarily based at the University of Alabama at Birmingham on medRxiv. Brought to you by Medscape. The examine has not but been peer-reviewed. The full textual content of the examine is offered at


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