A San Francisco resident has been diagnosed with a possible case of monkey disease

A San Francisco resident was diagnosed with a possible case of monkey disease on Friday night at a time when public health workers are on the rise in the United States and around the world.

Information about the San Francisco man could not be released due to confidentiality, but public health officials said the man had gone “to an epidemic at work.” The California Department of Public Health’s laboratory in Richmond confirmed the possible case on Friday. According to public health officials, the case will now be sent to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for final confirmation.

San Francisco health officials identified a possible incident Friday night after U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said 20 cases of monkey disease were reported in 11 states, including four in California. The San Francisco incident was not included in the 11 cases.

Until the San Francisco incident is confirmed by the CDC, monkeys will be considered a possible case of smallpox. The man did not indicate any close ties in San Francisco “at a time when the infection could be transmitted to others,” health officials said.

“We’re very grateful that this person was informed and sought medical attention,” said a San Francisco health doctor. Susan Philip added that she and her medical provider demanded an immediate assessment.

Philip said on Friday that while most cases of smallpox are being treated on their own, cases are “rarely serious and we want to prevent further spread in the community.”

“San Francisco is ready for this and there should be more,” Philip said. “We would like to emphasize that this is not an airborne disease like COVID-19, but we want people who may be exposed to the disease to notice the symptoms and seek immediate medical attention. to assess”.

None of the cases in the U.S. have been fatal, and “most of the people who have recently traveled internationally show that their influence has been there,” the captain said. Jennifer McQueiston, CDC’s ape control manager, at a media briefing on Friday.

Other patients may be associated with a specific activity or identified through a link search. But at least one person has not traveled and the source of the infection is unknown – CDC officials suggest the virus could spread to the United States.

“Current research recommends human-to-human transmission and urges CDC health departments, clinics and the public to remain vigilant, take appropriate preventive and control measures and report any suspected cases to public health authorities to reduce the spread of the disease,” the CDC said in a statement on Friday. The report analyzed U.S. monkey smallpox.

The threat to the public is still low, McConnell said. Officials expect the number of cases to increase as testing and searching for contacts continue. In California, three confirmed cases were identified in Sacramento County and one in Los Angeles County.

Smallpox is a type of orthopoxvirus, a family of viruses that contain smallpox, but smallpox is less contagious and less severe. Symptoms of smallpox in monkeys include rashes and skin rashes, which are filled with fluid as they rise.

There are two federally approved vaccines against orthopoxvirus – Acam2000 and Jynneos – which are now being treated for smallpox and a virus in monkeys.

Acam2000 should be taken after exposure, and Jynneos can be taken before or after exposure. The antiviral drug – tecovirimat, also known as Tpoxx – was originally licensed for smallpox, but monkey smallpox testing can be conducted under a federal protocol, allowing some drugs to be used for purposes other than those tested in clinical alternatives.

Federal health agencies have shipped 1,200 doses of vaccine and 100 courses of treatment to eight states, the doctor said. Raj Panjabi, who is coordinating the White House’s efforts to control smallpox. He did not specify which countries received them. The California Department of Public Health said Friday that the state has adopted 200 doses of the Jinneos vaccine as a prophylactic treatment for people with smallpox.

The summoning federal officials did not say how many doses of vaccine or treatment were currently in the national warehouse. Down O’Connell, assistant assistant secretary of emergency preparedness at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, but said “there are enough vaccines” and that they are “pre-deployed across the country.”

“The good news is we have the vaccines and treatments we need to respond,” O’Connell said.

Smallpox can be transmitted from person to person through close physical contact, including sexual contact, infected wounds, body fluids, or respiratory droplets.

European health officials, who have reported the epidemic in several countries, recently reported that most or all of the disease was in men, and that many of them had multiple sexual partners before being infected.

A CDC report released on Friday analyzed 17 U.S. patients diagnosed with smallpox as of May 31 and found that 14 of the 17 people had traveled internationally for 21 days before symptoms began. Sixteen of the 17 were identified as men who had sex with men. In most cases, rashes started in the genital area.

“We are working to raise awareness in the LGBTQ-plus community,” McQueen said.

There are more than 700 cases of smallpox in 28 countries that are not endemic. Monkeypox, a zoonotic disease commonly found in rodents and transmitted to humans, is endemic in a number of Central and West African countries.

The last epidemic in the United States was in 2003, when about 70 cases were detected. Investigators have linked the epidemic to domestic dogs brought from Ghana.

The CDC urged medical staff to monitor for signs of smallpox and to check patients if they were suspected.

Catherine Ho (she) is the author of the San Francisco Chronicle. Email: cho@sfchronicle.com Twitter: @Cat_Ho

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